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The Constitution of the United States provides, in Article I, section 8, that the "Congress shall have Power ... The Copyright Office is a department of the Library of Congress, and the Register of Copyrights is also Assistant Librarian of Congress for Copyright Services.

A scanned copy of Compendium II, provided by the Copyright Office, is available as a 7MB PDF file.In connection with its examining and related activities, the Copyright Office does not ordinarily make findings of fact with respect to publication or any other thing done outside the Copyright Office.The Copyright Office reserves the right to request, in appropriate cases, explanations of statements made by an applicant.The Office may send the letter and withhold the application until specifically authorized by the applicant to make registration, or it may make registration before sending the letter. Edicts of government, such as judicial opinions, administrative rulings, legislative enactments, public ordinances, and similar official legal documents, are not copyrightable for reasons of public policy. An abridgment is commonly defined as a shortened or condensed version retaining the general sense and unity of the original work. Where the compilation lacks a certain minimum amount of original authorship, registration will be refused.The Copyright Office will not register a claim where (1) the material deposited does not constitute copyrightable subject matter or (2) the claim is invalid for any other reason. This applies to such works whether they are Federal, State, or local as well as to those of foreign governments. An abridg ment of a nondramatic literary work may be registrable, but more selectivity is required than merely omitting a section from the beginning or end. Any compilation consisting of less than four selections is considered to lack the requisite original authorship. For a collective work, the application should generally contain the title of the collec- tive work, and the volume, number, and issue date, if any, in the appropriate space on the application form.All such claims will be registered if they are reasserted and if they are in order as confirmed by the response to the Copyright Office inquiry. The copyright in a derivative work extends only to the material contributed by the author of such work, as distinguished from the preexisting material employed in the work, and does not imply any exclusive right in the preexisting material. However, trans literations and similar processes by which letters or sounds from one alpha bet are converted to another are not copyrightable since the conversion is merely a mechanical act.

The Copyright Office does not conduct "opposition" or "interference" proceedings such as those provided by the Federal trademark and patent laws. A derivative work is a work based upon one or more preexisting works, such as a translation, musical arrangement, dramatization, fictionalization, motion picture version, sound recording, art reproduction, abridgment, condensation, or any other form in which a work may be recast, transformed, or adapted. The copyright in such work is independent of, and does not affect or enlarge the scope, duration, ownership, or subsistence of, any copyright protection in the preexisting material. Thus, merely changing a work from the Cyrillic to the Roman alphabet would not be copyright able.

The Copyright Office may take notice of matters of general knowledge.

It may use such knowledge as the basis for questioning applications that appear to contain or be based upon inaccurate or erroneous information.

The Copyright Office w111 not ordinari1y attempt to examine a work to determine whether it contains material that might be considered obscene or pornographic. However, the Copyright Office will register a work containing a certain minimum amount of original, creative expression, regardless of whether the work contains uncopyrightable elements designed for simple recordation of information. Where a work unlawfully employs preexisting copyrighted material that is separate from the new material, the new work is registrable. Ordinarily, such works are in the public domain in the United States. Where the Copyright Office is aware that a use of certain elements within a work may be in violation of existing law, it may inform the applicant of the possible restriction and direct the applicant to the agency involved. Telephone books, directories, price lists, and the like may be registered if they contain sufficient authorship in the form of compilation or other copyrightable material. 101, does not refer to format, but to the original ordering or grouping of the items. The collec tive work as a whole is often a work made for hire, and in such cases, the author is the employer or other person for whom the work was prepared. 2) Eastern, Midwestern, and West Coast editions of a weekly news magazine, in which some of the contents are changed to correspond with the re gional interests of readers. To register such a contribution, a separate application must be submitted naming as claimant the author of the contribution, or the person or organization that has obtained ownership of all rights in the contribution that the author originally owned.

When, in examining or processing materials received in the Copyright Office, it is noted that such material contains, or reasonably appears to contain, information classified by the U. Government for such reasons as national defense or national security, (1) the appropriate security official of the Library of Congress should be immediately notified through supervisory channels, (2) the material should be held or disposed of in accordance with instructions from that official, and (3) the examination or other processing of the material by the Copyright Office should be suspended until the matter is resolved. Thus, textual works, such as contracts, insurance policies, and the like, and bank checks containing pictorial authorship, may be registrable if they contain a sufficient amount of original literary or artistic expression. See section 206 of CHAPTER 200: COPYRIGHTABLE MATTER --IN GENERAL. 290e) for any standard reference data that the Secretary of Commerce prepares or makes available under the Act. Some examples of restricted names and characters are "Olympic," "Olympiad" (36 U. Reference to "coordinated" or "arranged," as used in the definition of a "compilation" in 17 U. A collective work is a work, such as a periodical issue, anthology, or encyclopedia, in which a number of contributions, constituting separate and independent works in themselves, are assembled into a collective whole. Where the only difference between the editions is in advertising matter, separate registrations will not be made unless the advertisements are asserted to belong to the copyright claimant for the periodical. Where the copyright claimant in a collective work is also the owner of all rights in a particular contribution, the author of that contribution may be included as an author in the appropriate space on the application form.

The previous law was the Copyright Act of 1909, as amended. .been met, the Register shall register the claim and issue to the applicant a certificate of registration under the seal of the Copyright Office." Section 410(b) provides that in "any case in which the Register of Copyrights determines that.